2014 Expedition
Kick 'em Jenny

Kick 'em Jenny Submarine Volcano Project

September 18 – October 8, 2014

Expedition Partners

Lead Scientist
Expedition Leader
Operations Leader

This cruise to the southern Lesser Antilles volcanic arc is part of the INSPIRE project, funded by NSF with the purpose of studying and improving telepresence for ocean exploration. Scientists will implement several student-designed exploration projects led from shore. Kick’em Jenny is the most active submarine volcano in the Caribbean Sea, and during the past century it has shown a history of progressive growth with explosive eruptions. Hazards include explosive eruptions that can breach the sea surface and the potential for tsunami generation. The Nautilus cruise in 2014 will continue exploration of Kick’em Jenny with a new set of sensors to examine any changes in gas/fluid venting in the inner crater that might indicate renewed eruptive activity. Another area of investigation is a large province of cold seeps and mud volcanoes North of Trinidad & Tobago. These methane and sulfur-rich fluids host chemosynthetic biological communities and produce mud volcanoes by transporting and discharging fine grain mud on the seafloor.

Meet the Team

Selected Publications


Baco, A.R., Ross R, Althaus F, Amon D, Bridges AEH, Brix S, Buhl-Mortensen P, Colaco A, Carreiro-Silva M, Clark MR, Du Preez C, Franken M, Gianni M, Gonzalez-Mirelis G, Hourigan T, Howell K, Levin LA, Lindsay DJ, Molodtsova TN, Morgan N, Morato T, Mejia-Mercado BE, O’Sullivan D, Pearman T, Price D, Robert K, Robson L, Rowden AA, Taylor J, Taylor M, Victorero L, Watling L, Williams A, Xavier JR, Yesson C (2023). Towards a scientific community consensus on designating Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems from imagery. PeerJ 11: e16024. https://peerj.com/articles/16024/
Georgieva MN, Rimskaya-Korsakova NN, Krolenko VI, Van Dover CL, Amon DJ, Copley JT, Plouviez S, Ball B, Wiklund H, Glover AG (2023). A tale of two tubeworms: taxonomy of vestimentiferans (Annelida: Siboglinidae) from the Mid-Cayman Spreading Centre. Invertebrate Systematics 37 (3): 167-191.
Latchman, J.L., Dondin, F.J.Y., Robertson, R.E.A., Stewart, R., Smith, P., Lynch, L.L., Ramsingh, C., Nisha, N., Ramsingh, H., Juman, I., Edwards, S., Ash, C. (2023). Contrasting T-phase and P-wave patterns from the 2015 and 2017 eruptions of the submarine volcano Kick-‘em-Jenny: influence of cardinal direction on recorded first phase arrival. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 113 (5): 2056–2068. https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/ssa/bssa/article-abstract/…


Michel, A., Wankel, S., Kapit, J., Sandwith, Z., Girguis, P. (2018). In situ Carbon Isotopic Exploration of an Active Submarine Volcano. Deep Sea Research II 150: 57-66.
Mittelstaedt, E., Smart, C. (2018). Complementary acoustic and optical methods for characterization of diffuse venting, gas seeps, and biota distributions at hydrothermal systems: A case study at Kick’em Jenny Volcano. Deep Sea Research II 150: 67-81.


Gobin, J., Amon, D., Van Dover, C., Levin, L., Marsh, L., Raineault, N. (2017). Characterisation of methane-seep communities in a deep-sea area designated for oil and natural gas exploitation off Trinidad and Tobago. Frontiers in Marine Science Special Issue: Anthropogenic Disturbances in Deep Sea.


Carey, S., Olsen, R., Croff Bell, K., Ballard, R., Dondin, F., Roman, C., Smart, C., Lilley, M., Lupton, J., Seibel, B., Cornell, W., Moyer, C. (2016). Hydrothermal Venting and Mineralization in the Crater of Kick'em Jenny Volcano, Grenada (Lesser Antilles). Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 17(3): 1000-1019.
Pallant, A. (2016). Transforming Undergraduate Research Opportunities using Telepresence. Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Sound and Vibration 64(2): 138-146.