The hybrid remotely-operated vehicle (HROV) Mesobot was developed by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) to visually survey and sample the ocean twilight zone, or mesopelagic zone, without disrupting the environment in which it operates. Mesobot has an extended battery life allowing it to observe delicate animals for as long as 48 hours in this critically understudied habitat.
Mesobot was designed by engineers at WHOI to deploy for longer than a full day to follow animals as they undertake vertical migrations at dawn and dusk from the deep ocean towards the surface. Just as benthic organisms are influenced by the terrain of the seafloor, organisms that live in the midwater — also known as the “twilight zone'' — are influenced by light.
In addition, Mesobot can accommodate many sensor devices, including a sampler that pumps seawater through filters to collect environmental DNA, or eDNA. These traces of DNA are left behind by animals that were recently in the area and can help scientists understand species that live in the twilight zone — even if they never see them.
Mesobot is a collaborative effort by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), Stanford University, and the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley.