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Engineering Underwater Observatories

Ocean Networks Canada's VENUS and NEPTUNE cabled observatories allow researchers to collect data on physical, chemical, biological, and geological aspects of the ocean and permits them to receive data anywhere in the world in real time. With 32 instrument platforms, 850+ kilometers of backbone fiber optic cable, 180 instruments, and 3400 sensors spread across the observatories, it is an impressive engineering accomplishment.